×Toggle helper textThis website uses cookies. By using our website and agreeing to our cookies policy, you consent to our use of cookies in accordance with the. The early s marked the emergence of the multicultural movement at first in Canada and Australia and then in the U.S.A., U.K., Germany and elsewhere. Bhikhu Parekh argues for a pluralist perspective on cultural diversity. Writing from both within the liberal tradition and outside of it as a critic, he challenges what.

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Closed cultures cannot and do not wish or need to talk to each other. Views Read Edit View history. A multicultural society should not repeat the mistake of its monocultural counterpart by requiring that all bhilhu communities should become multicultural.

Although members of these groups are in principle free to participate in its public life, they often stay away for fear of rejection and ridicule or out of a deep sense of alienation.

The two do not necessarily coincide. This involves granting them equal rights of citizenship, a decent standard of living, and the opportunity to develop themselves and participate in and make their respective contributions to its collective life. All claims that a particular institution or way of thinking or living is perfect, the best, or necessitated by human nature itself rethinkng incoherent and even bizarre, for it goes against our well-considered conviction that all ways of thought and life are inherently limited and cannot embody the full range of the richness, complexity and grandeur of human existence.

A Commitment to Cultural Pluralism”. They do and should matter to each other because they are bonded together by the ties of common interest and attachment.

Many accused the text of having no real world use, and only theory to back it up. This page was last edited on 18 Novemberat Since each realises a limited range of human capacities and emotions and grasps only a part of the totality of human existence, it needs other cultures to help it understand itself better, expand its intellectual and moral horizon, stretch its imagination, save it from narcissism to guard it against the obvious temptation to absolutise itself, and so on.

The wisdom of a multicultural society consists in its ability to anticipate, minimize and manage such demands. T he political context in which the Constitution was drafted has however altered considerably.


This is a formidable theoretical and political task and no multicultural society has so far succeeded in tackling it. Each of them — be it liberalism, conservatism, socialism or nationalism — is embedded in a particular culture, represents a particular vision of the good life, and is necessarily narrow and partial.

Liberalism, for example, is an inspiring political doctrine stressing such great values as human dignity, autonomy, liberty, critical thought and equality. The Constitution presupposed a much higher rate of economic growth and a much greater degree of equitable distribution of resources among multiculturalidm diverse communities than has proved to be the case.

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Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory – Wikipedia

Multiculturalidm a multiculturalist perspective the good society cherishes the diversity of and encourages a creative dialogue between its different cultures and their moral visions.

While different citizens would develop different emotions towards their community, what is necessary to sustain it and can legitimately be expected of them is a basic commitment to its integrity and well-being, what one might call patriotism or political loyalty.

If some groups in it wish to lead self-contained lives and avoid interaction with others, it should respect their choices so long as they meet the consensually derived basic conditions of the good life.

Indeed, it is precisely because it cherishes cultural plurality that it accommodates those that do not share its dominant cultural ethos. He was chair of the Commission on the Multiculuralism of Multi-Ethnic.

He was elected British Asian of the Year in and received the BBC’s award for special lifetime achievement in In it, Bhikhu Parekh shows that the Western tradition of political philosophy has very limited theoretical resources to cope with cultural diversity. T hird, every culture is internally plural and reflects a continuing conversation between its different traditions and strands of thought. Patriotism is not the monopoly of the conservatives, and the socialists, the radicals and the communists can be loyal to their community just as much as and even more than they are.

Since it grasps only some aspects of the immensely complex human existence and misses out too much of what gives value to life, liberalism, socialism or for that matter any other political doctrine cannot provide the sole basis of the good society. This does not mean that multiculthralism is devoid of coherence and identity, but that its identity is plural, fluid and open. Cultural Diversity and Political Theory”.

Pages bhjkhu import images to Wikidata. Retrieved from ” https: Political doctrines are ways of structuring political life and do not offer a comprehensive philosophy of life.


He seems to take the rather naive liberal view that the dominant group can be rationally persuaded to change its view of them by intellectual arguments and moral appeals. M ulticultural societies in their current form are new to our age and throw up theoretical and political problems that have no parallel in history. This is to misunderstand the dynamics of the process of recognition.

Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory

Cultures grow out of conscious and unconscious interactions with each other, define their identity in terms of what they take to be their significant other, and are at least partially multicultural in their origins and constitution. He then discusses how it can be revised and what new conceptual tools are needed.

Thanks to the wisdom of its founding fathers, and the judicious balance between unity and diversity embodied in the Indian Constitution, India has managed to persist for five decades as a territorially intact and moderately successful polity.

Now that these and other possibilities have materialized, we need to undertake a radical reconsideration of some of the constitutive principles of the Indian state, and find a historically more sensitive and realistic way of evolving political unity out of the newly emergent forms of diversity.

The commitment to the political community involves commitment to its continuing existence and well-being, and implies that one cares enough for it not to harm its interests and undermine its integrity.

However, they can be defined in several different ways, of which the liberal is only one and not always the most coherent.

Bhikhu Parekh, What is multiculturalism

Since the multicultural movement sprang up unplanned in many different political contexts, attracted a diverse cluster of groups, and has so far failed to throw up a coherent philosophical statement of its central principles, it lacks a clear focus and identity.

Parekh writes about the dangers of avoiding ignoring diversity as well as if diversity is over addressed. Cultural Diversity and Political Theory has been reviewed by several political and cultural authors.

A lthough equal citizenship is essential to fostering a common sense of belonging, it is not enough.